on Tañon Strait across from Negros Island and the city of San Carlos,
Negros Occidental. Toledo City is home to the Philippines' largest copper
mine, owned by Atlas Consolidated Mining and Development Corporation;
concentrates from the mine are shipped from the port of Sangi near Toledo.
Low-quality coal has also been mined in the area, but little coal is mined
today. Important local crops include maize (corn) and coconuts. Toledo is
connected to Cebu City, the provincial capital and second largest
Philippine metropolitan area, by two stretches ofroad that crossing the
rugged spine of the island: the Naga-Uling Road and the alternate Manipis
Road. A ferry runs between San Carlos and Toledo. During harvest season,
migrant sugar workers from Cebu Island travel from Toledo to San Carlos to
work in the sugar fields of Negros.
seaport provides Toledo with commercial interIsland service. Like many
Philippine chartered cities, the total area of the city (174 sq km/67 sq
mi) includes a portion of farmland. Between 1980 and 1990 the population
grew by 31 percent, more than the national growth rate of 26 percent. The
city was chartered in 1960. Population (1995) 121,469.